After much discussion within the parking industry since the law was instituted four years ago, the start of 2018 finally sees the implementation of the new MAPTAM (modernisation publique territoriale et d’affirmation des métropoles) parking reforms. Instead of the driver receiving a traditional fine for a parking offence, they will have to pay a fee for “occupying the public domain”. This fee will be called FPS – forfait de post-stationnement.
Given that in France around 300m euro is lost every year due to motorists avoiding paying for parking their cars, this new law gives municipalities the opportunity to set fair mobility and parking policies that work for everyone.
Each town and city must decide the amount of their local parking fee and FPS. These can be decided using a variety of parameters: for example the number of spaces, duration, retail demand, congestion, size and type of vehicle, and even CO2 or diesel emissions. Residents may also get their own pricing scale. These measures can help tackle some of today’s major urban issues – by alleviating congestion, increasing the rate of parking space rotation, and delivering a more equitable shared usage of the public domain.
Of course these new parking procedures require efficient enforcement and, fortunately for municipalities, the costs of checking for correct parking are getting lower due to automatic licence plate recognition. A radar car with this technology can monitor around 1500 cars per hour, thus ensuring high levels of compliance. As cities will now get to keep the FPS revenues, the new systems will pay for themselves and additional funds may be earned to help other local projects. Thus mayors can take full control of the whole cycle of parking, enforcement and revenues – producing fairer mobility for visitors and residents.
PARK NOW Research
MAPTAM law unknown
PARK NOW research among drivers across France has shown that most are unaware of the new parking rules coming into effect in early 2017. Only 35% of the drivers say they are aware of this new law, although in larger cities such as Paris, Marseille, Bordeaux and Lille this percentage grows to 46%.
Low fines and little enforcement hit compliance rates
Drivers told PARK NOW that they would only change their parking behaviour if post-parking fines were increased, and enforcement became much stricter. In that scenario, a third of respondents across the country, who now either rarely or never pay for parking, say they will adjust their payment behaviour and pay more often. However, the effect of such measures on larger municipalities was much higher where over half of respondents say they will pay more frequently for parking.
Short stops are the main reason for not paying for parking
Compliance rates vary greatly across Europe and drivers’ propensity to pay for parking is a heavily discussed topic in the industry. Therefore we asked French drivers why they do not always buy a ticket. It turns out that almost half of respondents nationwide told us that the reason for not paying is that the parking session is for a short duration. Other popular reasons included not having any coins for the meter and wanting to save cash by parking for free. An unwillingness to walk back and forth to the machine and a lack of efficient enforcement were also important – especially in cities. Obviously, many of these excuses would be easily tackled by the introduction of pay by phone parking from PARK NOW!
If you’d like to hear more about our parking research across Europe, or if you have an opinion about how the MAPTAM law will change parking and municipality life, please get in touch. We look forward to hearing from you.Contact us
Source: PARK NOW nationwide research held in September 2017 amongst 1.207 French motorists between 18 and 60 years old who are regular car drivers.